Grapes have been known to people since ancient times. The vine was depicted on many coats of arms and adorned antique statues. In ancient times, they worshiped and deified him because of his useful and healing properties. After all, before the berries and leaves of the plant, as well as grape juice, were used to treat various diseases, they could restore youth and beauty, improve health and well-being. And they drank grape wine instead of water, and even still it is considered only one healthy glass of natural wine drunk per day as a health benefit. Grape juice is a drink that has been loved by everyone since childhood. A high-quality natural product has incorporated all the best properties of such a valuable grape and is still successfully used in home medicine, cosmetology, and, of course, in cooking. By the way, it was the grapes that were honored to be the first plant that Noah planted after the Flood.
Description and method of preparation
What is grape juice? This is a liquid that is obtained by pressing grape berries without adding sugar. For this, you can use any kind of grape, it is better if it is not very sour. The best sugar ratio for grape juice is between 17 and 20 percent.
The preparation of this drink is possible, both at home and in the workplace. Often in industry juice is made from light grape varieties. Industrial enterprises that process grapes are often located next to the vineyards. Its collection begins in the morning until the berries are warmed up in the sun so that the fresh juice squeezed from them does not ferment. Grapes are brought to the workshop, where they first wash it, and then send it to a special conveyor, which checks the quality of the product. Then, combs are separated from the grapes and pure berries are served in the crumple. The grape must is separated and placed in a separate container for accumulation, and the resulting pulp is sent under pressure. The juice resulting from this is also sent to a storage tank.
After this, the juice of the first extraction, in which fermentation does not occur, is filtered and clarified using flocculants. Silicon dioxide and gelatin often act in their quality. Then he goes to the centrifuge. At the next stage, the liquid goes through a process of fine filtration and cooling. Then, with the participation of liquid carbon dioxide, the separation of tartar occurs, or detartation. Then the juice is cleaned of sediment, which was obtained during filtration. The last stages of production are product deaeration, pasteurization and packaging of the product.
Thus, pure direct-pressed grape juice is obtained, which we see in a wide assortment on the shelves of the supermarket. It happens in glass jars and bottles, and in plastic, and in cardboard boxes, the so-called tetra-packs. It can be either pink or light yellow or light green. There is such a juice with pulp and without pulp, clarified and unclarified. Here you can see that the characteristics of unclarified juice are much higher than that of clarified.
The grape juice is produced in an industrial way very painstakingly and for a long time, however, it cannot be otherwise, otherwise it may cause fermentation.
Dry grape juice is also produced on an industrial scale, which is essentially a hygroscopic powder with a characteristic aftertaste of grapes.
But the most useful of course is a freshly prepared from high-quality ingredients drink, obtained at home. It is he who possesses all those valuable and medicinal properties that are present in grapes. It is this juice that is used to make wine, it produces a strong and healthy chacha, or as it is also called grape vodka.
The chemical composition and beneficial properties of grapes
Grape juice contains a useful vitamin composition and a valuable mineral complex, due to which it has all its healing and healing properties. The energy value of such a product is approximately 70 kcal. There are 0.3 grams of protein in it, and 0.2 grams of fat. The carbohydrate part is allocated 16.3 grams. Also present in it in small doses are alcohol, fiber, water, ash and organic acids.
The vitamin composition includes B vitamins, in particular thiamine, riboflavin, pantothenic and folic acid, pyridoxine. It also contains ascorbic acid, tocopherol, niacin and vitamin N.
The mineral complex is represented by potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus and chlorine. Of the trace elements in its composition, one can distinguish a high content of cobalt, almost 10% of the daily norm, iodine and chromium. Iron, manganese, copper, fluorine, molybdenum and zinc are also found in juice.
Grape juice is rich in interchangeable and irreplaceable amino acids, which are very beneficial for the body, as I play an important role in protein synthesis.
Potassium, which it is rich in, strengthens the heart muscle and blood vessels, so it is recommended for use to prevent diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Many people compare grape juice with mineral water for the variety of elements that make up its composition. Indeed, it contains a lot of water, but at the same time it is sufficiently enriched with vitamins, mineral salts, acids and sugars. That is why a grape drink is able to cleanse the intestines well, helps to eliminate fluid and harmful substances from the body.
Glucose and fructose, which are part of this product, are easily digestible sugars. Despite the fact that their content in grapes is quite high, grape juice is often used in various dietary programs, since it accelerates metabolism and can remove dangerous toxins and harmful waste from the body, which is why fat burning is more intense. Moreover, such a sugar content makes it a very nutritious product, remarkably saturates the body with energy and vigor, which in turn allows you to forget about the feeling of hunger. Also, the sugar that is contained in the drink has antioxidant properties, that is, it can protect protein molecules from decay.
Grape juice contains large amounts of pectin substances, which affect the blood levels of bad cholesterol. They contribute to the natural defense of the body from the environment and the removal of free radicals from it.
The usefulness of grape juice largely depends on the grape variety that was used to produce this product. For example, dark juice from a grape variety called Isabella has an antitumor effect and is especially useful against breast cancer. The drink contains the natural pigment anthocyanin, which prevents the growth and development of cancer cells, thereby being a powerful tool for the prevention of cancer.
Other beneficial properties of this drink include:
- enhanced brain activity and improved memory;
- regulation of acid-base balance in the body;
- prevention of atherosclerosis and arthritis;
- saturation of cells with oxygen;
- preventing the development of anemia;
- beneficial effect on the kidneys and heart;
- normalization and improvement of the nervous system;
- laxative and diuretic effect;
- prevention of stress and depression;
- participation in the process of hematopoiesis;
- prevention of blood diseases and circulatory system.
Light grape varieties have powerful energy properties. Many reviews say that if you drink grape juice immediately after a workout, you can instantly get rid of muscle pain, weakness and fatigue. Also with this juice it is recommended to take a sports supplement creatine, which is widely used by bodybuilders to increase strength and build muscle.
Application in traditional medicine
In folk medicine, natural freshly squeezed grape juice has been used for a long time, due to its high-quality and healing composition. Its medicinal properties and today are often used for medical purposes. This drink serves for the prevention and treatment of various kinds of diseases and has a fairly wide range of uses:
- It is used to treat and prevent heart and vascular diseases;
- protects against stroke and heart attack;
- effectively eliminates puffiness;
- removes harmful cholesterol, toxins and toxins;
- normalizes blood pressure;
- light grape juice helps restore the body after heavy physical exertion;
- able to remove mucus and fluid from the lungs, being an effective cough medicine, prevention of bronchitis and pneumonia;
- used for pleurisy, asthma and the initial forms of tuberculosis;
- able to relieve sore throat, effective for laryngitis, tonsillitis and other diseases of the throat and oral cavity;
- The laxative effect of the juice helps get rid of constipation and alleviates the condition with hemorrhoids;
- the diuretic effect of the drink helps to relieve the inflammatory process in diseases of the kidneys, helps with jade and other chronic diseases of the kidneys.
- Helps to get rid of nervous disorders and depression;
- has a beneficial effect on the walls of blood vessels, and therefore is useful in Alzheimer's disease and for elderly patients.
Home Medicine Recipes
For treatment, you need to use only natural juice, prepared at home according to the correct technology from quality ingredients. The recipes used are quite simple, but before treatment it is necessary to consult with a specialist. For an effective result, you need to follow a few simple rules:
- drink juice on an empty stomach;
- in order not to destroy tooth enamel, drink through a tube or rinse your mouth with water every time after use;
- treatment should be started with small doses, gradually increasing the norm;
- recommended treatment period - no more than one and a half months;
- the use of concentrated juice is usually not recommended, it is better to dilute it with water.
Grape juice should be drunk 250 grams three times a day one hour before the main meal. The recommended course of treatment is about one and a half months.
For chronic constipation, juice is consumed 500 grams three times a day one hour before meals. The maximum duration of treatment is two months. This option is not recommended for gastritis with high acidity.
It is recommended to eat grapes for about three months. After that, you can start to inject juice a little bit. You need to drink it twice a day. In the morning on an empty stomach, and in the evening about forty minutes before a meal. You need to start with small doses and gradually increase them, bringing within five days to 1.25 glasses of drink.
This sweet and tasty product has found its place in cooking. It is tasty in itself, and its unique sweetness allows it to be used as a dessert. For example, in the Caucasus, churchkhela, the national Georgian delicacy, is prepared from it. It is made on the basis of boiled grape juice, where corn flour is gradually added. Also, flour and this drink are used to make another Georgian dessert - pelamushi. It is used to make jelly, various syrups, jams, delicious gravy and sauces. They even make jam, delicious homemade fruit drinks and jelly. Often made from grape juice cocktails. Good for diluting martini. Sometimes it acts as a marinade. In such a marinade it turns out very tasty meat, chicken, unsurpassed kebab.
Grape juice is a raw material for the production of wine, chachi and homemade moonshine. Recently, you can often hear the term falsification of wine. In fact, this is a simple fake, which is achieved by diluting the wine with alcohol, water or insisting sugar syrup on the pulp and oil cake remaining after squeezing the grape juice. There are also kosher wines that are produced in compliance with very strict rules. For example, Jews are forbidden to consume wine, which can be used in ceremonies of other religions. And many Jews firmly believe that if you boil this drink, it will become unsuitable for such rituals. Some of the most zealous followers recommend boiling grape juice to get a kosher product from it.
Braga from grape juice is prepared mainly from Isabella grapes, which are grown in temperate climates and are not suitable for making wine. With it, you can make grape vodka called "chacha", "grappa", "kizlyarka" or "brandy".
From grape juice by fermentation, you can get valuable and healthy grape vinegar.
Chicken Grape Marinade Recipe
In order to evaluate the marinade on grape juice, you need to try a dish prepared with its help. For this you need:
- water - 400 ml;
- fresh juice from grapes - 400 ml;
- citric acid - half a teaspoon;
- cloves - 5 pcs;
- allspice - 10 peas;
- peppercorns - 5 peas;
- sugar - 1 teaspoon;
- salt - 2 teaspoons.
Knead a few peas of allspice, peppercorns and barberry. Add salt and sugar and mix. Instead of sugar, you can use honey in an equivalent amount. Add the remnants of pepper and cloves, pour all this with grape juice. Dilute citric acid in water and add to the mixture. You can warm the marinade a bit to speed up the dissolution of sugar and salt. Pour them chicken and leave to marinate for about 5 hours.
Making juice at home
Preparing grape juice at home is not difficult. Ripe, whole and intact berries should be removed from the vine. They must be thoroughly washed, dried, and then squeezed on a juicer, or using a screw press. Real freshly squeezed juice is ready.
But if you need to leave it for the winter, then you should prepare canned juice. To do this, put the berries in a colander and briefly lower them in water, brought to a boil. Then they are transferred to another container, preferably enameled or glass, and covered with a lid. After cooling, the juice is pressed, heated to about 90 degrees and poured into pre-sterilized bottles or jars. After you need to close their lids, roll up and cool. In the same way home preservation of various compotes is carried out.
If you want to get clarified clear juice, then you need to defuse the squeezed drink for about four days, then drain, leaving most of the sediment at the bottom. You can filter it through cheesecloth and reheat to 90 degrees. Pour the prepared drink into clean cans and preserve.
Concentrated grape juice can also be prepared. To do this, when reheating, evaporate the product until it halves in volume. The boiled drink needs to be bottled and sealed tightly. Evaporated grape juice can be used to make the reconstituted product. And also the use of concentrated juice provides recipes for various culinary dishes.
As you can see, the home-made method of making juice is less time-consuming and simpler.And if there is a juice cooker at home, then making such a drink is even easier. In such a product, vitamins will be less due to steam cooking at high temperatures, but the content of pectin substances will increase.
Application in cosmetology
In cosmetology, grape juice began to be used in ancient times. Antique beauties with this drink rejuvenated the skin, slowing down the signs of aging. Currently, this product can be used to moisturize, tone and cleanse the skin. Based on it, face masks are prepared that make the skin velvety and fresh. And also he is able to tighten withered skin, give it elasticity and relieve sagging. Masks based on grape juice have a positive effect not only on the skin, but also on the hair. They are capable of:
- improve complexion;
- get rid of freckles and age spots;
- cleanse pores, get rid of acne and acne;
- smooth small wrinkles;
- eliminate the first signs of skin aging;
- strengthen hair roots and cleanse the scalp, helping to get rid of excess fat.
It should be remembered that grape juice can cause allergic reactions, so before use, you must check any product with its content on the bend of the elbow. Even slight redness of the treated area of the skin suggests that the use of this juice is contraindicated.
Grape Juice Toning Mask
To prepare the mask, you need to use types of grapes that have a green color. Its manufacture includes the following steps:
- crush some unripe berries;
- moisten a gauze napkin in this juice;
- cover your face with a napkin and leave for about twenty minutes;
- rinse off the remaining juice with warm water;
- apply a nourishing cream to the face.
Such a mask will create a tightening effect and eliminate fine wrinkles.
Removing stains from grape juice
How to remove the stain remaining from grape juice? Almost every housewife in her life asked this question. Red grapes are especially frightening in this regard. Fresh spots are easy to remove. They need to be treated with ammonia or soda solution (a teaspoon in a glass of water), and then washed with warm water. To remove old stains, gasoline soap helps a lot. If all the same, red-violet stains remain on the fabric, then it is recommended to boil things with persol or hydrogen peroxide. It is better to soak white linen fabrics or cotton before washing in milk. Stains from red grapes can help remove citric acid. To do this, dilute 2 grams of citric acid in 20 ml of ethyl alcohol and heat slightly. Wipe the stain with this solution, and then rinse the item in warm water. Then wipe with a 1% solution of ammonia and rinse again in water with the addition of a pinch of citric acid. Fresh spots can be removed simply with boiling water.
Contraindications and harm to grape juice
In some cases, the use of grape juice can cause serious harm to the body, so you should know its contraindications, and in these cases, limit the use of juice or completely remove it from the diet.
During pregnancy, grape juice can only benefit in the first and second trimester. In the later stages, the use of this drink can lead to a woman's weight gain and rapid growth of the fetus, which can significantly complicate labor. And with breastfeeding (HB), such drinks can cause colic in the baby and lead to increased gas formation. Therefore, nursing mom is contraindicated in grape juice.
Children under two years of age are also not recommended to use it, as this can lead to unforeseen allergic reactions, destroy tooth enamel and cause flatulence attacks. After two years of age, you need to give them juice diluted with water. And black grapes can lead to a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood, so children should not be given dark juice.
Also, grape juice is contraindicated in diabetes, obesity, stomach diseases, exacerbation of chronic diseases of the liver and kidneys, peptic ulcer. It is forbidden with cirrhosis of the liver, and with diarrhea, as it has a laxative effect. In the late stage of tuberculosis, this drink is also not worth it. Grape juice for pancreatitis is strictly contraindicated.
And also you do not need to use this drink with individual intolerance to the components and a tendency to allergies.
Grape juice made industrially often lacks many of its beneficial properties due to its heat treatment at high temperatures, which contributes to its long-term storage. In such a product, the formation of hydroxymethyl furfural is possible. This is a very toxic substance, which at high concentrations can lead to cancer. Its maximum permissible concentration should not exceed 20 mg per liter of drink.
Grape juice has long been valued not only for its taste, but also due to its wonderful healing properties. This product helps to get rid of various diseases, contributes to their speedy course and is the prevention of such diseases in the future. It is valuable not only in the field of medicine, but also as a cosmetic product. Its antioxidant properties help to remove toxins from the body, which has a good effect on the condition of the skin and hair, and also contributes to weight loss. Despite the fact that the calorie content of this product is quite high, it is still in demand in dietetics, as it helps to cleanse the body, normalizes its water-salt balance, and also significantly speeds up metabolism. Such a drink can cause harm to people suffering from diabetes mellitus, diseases of the liver and kidneys, with exacerbation of diseases of the intestines and stomach, with pancreatitis, or if there is an increased acidity of the stomach. It can also cause allergies, especially in children. Therefore, you should not use this juice for pregnant women, nursing mothers and children up to two years of age. It is also worth remembering that the best drink is juice made at home from quality natural ingredients. If you use not a purchased, but a freshly squeezed drink, then the harm done to the body can be significantly reduced.