Russula is a genus of agaric mushrooms of the family Russula. Today 270 species are known, among which almost all are suitable for human consumption. Russula got its name due to its unique property - it cooks much faster than other mushrooms. This is a nutritious low-calorie product (only 15 calories are concentrated in 100 grams), which instantly saturates, does not lead to obesity.
Autumn shade is one of the most popular mushroom pickers among the mushroom pickers. External characteristics What do autumn mushrooms look like? Below is a complete description of this edible and healthy mushroom. Hat: Autumn individuals have a cap with a diameter of 5 to 10 centimeters (in rare cases there are mushrooms with a 15-centimeter cap diameter).
Winter Mint (Flammulin velvetistozhkozhkovaya) is a good edible mushroom of the Flamulin family and the Ryadovkov family. External Characteristics Hat: Winter honeycomb first has a hemispherical cap, after it opens and becomes honey or dark brown. The center of the cap becomes darker.
Golovach mushroom, its synonyms: giant golovach, giant langermania, giant raincoat - conditionally edible mushroom of the Champignon family, genus of mushrooms - Golovach. Appearance The body of the mushroom fruit has an egg-shaped or spherical shape, slightly flattened. The size in diameter is up to 50 centimeters, at the base of the ball is a thick root-shaped mycelial cord.
Mushroom rain cover is an edible mushroom. Only young specimens should be collected, because after the spore mass begins to turn yellow, the mushrooms are not suitable for eating. Mushroom rain in the common people is often called fucking tavlinka, tobacco mushroom or hare potatoes. One of its most important features is the incredible ability of the soil to absorb water.
Mushroom dung beetle, for sure, saw everything. Outwardly, he looks unattractive - a thin leg and a blackening cap immediately evoke thoughts of its inedibility. But this is fundamentally wrong! This type of mushroom is among the edible, and in some national cuisines is even considered a delicacy! The feature of dung beetle or koprinus is that it grows old very quickly.
In other sources, you can find such names: edible mushroom, thyroid, corymbose, thorny, forest, podabrikosovik, sapwood and sake. The description of the entoloma is very similar to other forest mushrooms. The hat of this variety of mushrooms grows to 11 cm. When the plant is young, it has the shape of a bell-conical (convex).
Volnushka - a fungus belonging to the genus Mlechnik, the family of Syroezhkov. Most often, you can find a pink and white tremushka. They certainly grow in sandy and siliceous soil in the forest. Favorable soil is under birch trees. The mushroom cap is not wide, the maximum value was fixed at 11 cm, and so on average it reaches no more than 8 cm.
The horned, or as they are also called horned mushrooms, belong to the family of basidial plants. They have a fruit body of fleshy consistency. They are coral-branched, club-shaped and awl-shaped. Most often found in white with a yellow tint. It is completely covered with a spore-bearing smooth layer.
There are over a thousand different types of edible mushrooms in the world. To them belongs and plumes. This mushroom belongs to the family of Plyuteev. The names are often used in addition Pluteus or Pluteus. It grows on wood residues. These are representatives of the forest area. Distinguished with fruit and fruit hat bodies.
The fly agaric family has about 600 different species. Some are very rare, such as green fly agaric, others are much more likely to come across mushroom pickers along the way, confusing them with their similarity to certain edible species of mushrooms. White mushroom belongs to the second group. In addition to the fact that this forest inhabitant has a completely white color, it exudes a sharp specific smell of bleach, which is why it is also called smelly.
Rowing in May, May Calicibe or May Mushroom usually opens the mushroom season in May, whence its name comes. This mushroom is edible, and in general has a rather pleasant smell and taste. And considering that it grows most often in groups, and that not all gourmets like to eat it, going hunting in the beginning or middle of May, there are chances to stock up on May ryadovkami for freshly prepared dishes, and for pickling for the winter.
Hedgehog - a mushroom that is found almost throughout Russia, as well as in Siberia. In addition, it can be seen in some European countries and in North America. The grasshopper grows in coniferous and mixed foxes, and you can go on a "silent hunt" from mid-July until the first frost. At the same time, a Yezhovik is a mushroom that may well claim to be the most underestimated among its kindred.
Polish mushroom (pansky, brown, chestnut moss) is a type of mushroom that belongs to the family of boletus, the genus Borovik. This species got its name due to mass export from Poland to Western Europe. Found in coniferous forests, on acidic, sandy soils in lowlands and mountains, at the base of trees, on litter, in moss.
Matsutake is an edible mushroom of the Agarikomitset class, the genus Tricholoma, the Ryadovkov family. Often still found under the name Japanese truffle, rowing shod and pine mushroom. Where does the mushroom grow? This variety of fungus can be found in Asian countries, mainly in China, Korea, Japan. It is also realistic to see the matsutake mushroom in the menu of restaurants in Finland, the Far East, Sweden, North America.
Pepper mushroom is an eternal subject of controversy among mushroom pickers and doctors. Some believe that the mushroom is poisonous and it is strictly forbidden to eat it. Opponents argue that it is completely safe and may well serve as a complement or even the basis for a delicious dinner. Let's try to consider all versions.
Sulfur yellow smelter is considered conditionally edible, since it can be eaten only at a young age and with the condition that it matures on deciduous trees. Otherwise, mushroom dishes can cause hallucinations and severe food poisoning. This type of mushroom is widely used for medicinal purposes.
The thin pig has many names “from the people” - dunyasha, pork ear, filly, cowshed, pig, solokha. Around it for quite a long time the debate does not subside - is this mushroom edible or dangerous for humans. Until the beginning of the 80s of the last century, a thin pig was considered absolutely safe to eat, it was a frequent guest on tables in the form of pickles, as part of soups, sauces and side dishes.
Mushrooms, or rather half of them edible, are useful and nutritious forest dwellers, which from mid-summer until the end of autumn can be harvested, cooked and harvested for the winter. For not very experienced mushroom pickers, the harvest season partly becomes a lottery, because almost every edible mushroom has a dangerous double - a poisonous mushroom.
Caesar's mushroom is also called Caesarean, simply royal or Caesar's fly agaric. But, despite the popular name associated with fly agaric, this mushroom is quite edible. It does not have a characteristic taste or aroma, but is highly appreciated by cooks who use it raw and cooked. The presented product belongs to low-calorie ones, since the local indicator for this part is only 22 kcal per hundred grams.
The black breast, which is called chernushka, is highly regarded by lovers of quiet hunting. Not only does this forest inhabitant have excellent taste characteristics, it is also rich in nutrients. Popularity is added to him by the opportunity to harvest for quite some time. The start of the season begins in August, and ends in November.